The concept of Leaderless Resistance was proposed by Col. Ulius Louis Amoss, on April 17, 1962. Fearful of a possible Communist take-over of the United States of America, Col. Amoss propounded this doctrine as an effective means of resistance which the American people should utilise against a Soviet-style tyranny. Essentially, this doctrine holds that the most effective opposition against an oppressive tyranny is to have a movement that is as decentralised as possible with no central leadership. This doctrine was adopted by Shri Ram Vilas Paswan when he founded the Dalit Sena. Shri Paswan realised that the only way to further the defence of the Dalit community, given the state support for Aryan-caste terrorist groups, was to forge a resistance that essentially lacked any central organisation.
The concept of Leaderless Resistance is nothing less than a fundamental departure in theories of organization. The orthodox scheme of organization, both for government as well as opposition organisations, is diagrammatically represented by the pyramid, with the mass of followers at the bottom and the leader at the top. This fundamental method of organization is to be seen not only in armies, which are of course, the best illustration of the pyramid structure, with the mass of soldiery at the bottom responsible to corporals who are in turn responsible to sergeants, and so on up the entire chain of command to the generals at the top.
This scheme of organization, the pyramid, is however, not only useless, but extremely dangerous for the participants when it is utilized in a resistance movement against state tyranny. This is more so in technologically advanced societies where electronic surveillance can often penetrate the structure revealing its chain of command. Experience has revealed over and over again that anti-state, political organizations utilizing this pyramid method of command and control are easy prey for government infiltration, entrapment, and destruction of the personnel involved. This has been seen repeatedly in the Indian Union where pro-government infiltrators or agent provocateurs weasel their way into patriotic groups and destroy them from within.
In the pyramid type of organization, an infiltrator can destroy anything which is beneath his level of infiltration and often those above him as well. If the traitor has infiltrated at the top, then the entire organization from the top down is compromised and may be traduced at will. The entire movement is thus wiped out in one stroke.
An alternative to the pyramid type of organization is the cell system. In the past, many political groups have used the cell system to further their objectives. The best example is the American Revolution and its "committees of correspondence" which were formed throughout the Thirteen colonies. Their purpose was to subvert the government and thereby aid the cause of independence. The "Sons of Liberty", who made a name for themselves by dumping government taxed tea into the harbor at Boston, were the action arm of the committees of correspondence. Each committee was a secret cell that operated totally independently of the other cells - an excellent example of `Leaderless Resistance'. Information on the government was passed from committee to committee, from colony to colony, and then acted upon on a local basis. It is notable that the response of the committees, despite the complete lack of a central leadership, was remarkably similar from cell to cell. It was, as the first American patriots knew, totally unnecessary for anyone to give an order for anything. Information was made available to each committee, and each committee acted as it saw fit.
From the above discussion it is clear that the pyramid type of organization can be penetrated quite easily and it thus is not a sound method of organization in situations where the government has the resources and desire to penetrate the structure; which is the situation in the Indian Union. It is evident that the best model is that of Col. Amoss who proposed the "Phantom Cell" mode of organization. This he described as Leaderless Resistance. A system of organization that is based upon the cell organization, but does not have any central control or direction, that is in fact almost identical to the methods used by the Committees of Correspondence during the American Revolution. Utilizing the Leaderless Resistance concept, all individuals and groups operate independently of each other, and never report to a central headquarters or single leader for direction or instruction, as would those who belong to a typical pyramid organization.
At first glance, such a type of organization seems unrealistic, primarily because there appears to be no organization. The natural question thus arises as to how are the "Phantom cells" and individuals to cooperate with each other when there is no intercommunication or central direction? The answer to this question is that participants in a program of Leaderless Resistance through phantom cell or individual action must know exactly what they are doing, and how to do it. It becomes the responsibility of the individual to acquire the necessary skills and information as to what is to be done. This is by no means as impractical as it appears, because it is certainly true that in any movement, all persons involved have the same general outlook, are acquainted with the same philosophy, and generally react to given situations in similar ways. The pervious history of the committees of correspondence during the American Revolution show this to be true.
Since the entire purpose of Leaderless Resistance is to defeat state tyranny (at least insofar as this essay is concerned), all members of phantom cells or individuals will tend to react to objective events in the same way through usual tactics of resistance. Organs of information distribution such as newspapers, leaflets, computers, etc., which are widely available to all, keep each person informed of events, allowing for a planned response that will take many variations. No one need issue an order to anyone. Those idealist truly committed to the cause of freedom will act when they feel the time is ripe, or will take their cue from others who precede them. While it is true that much could be said against this type of structure as a method of resistance, it must be kept in mind that Leaderless Resistance is a child of necessity. The alternatives to it have been show to be unworkable or impractical. Leaderless Resistance has worked before in the American Revolution, and if the truly committed put it to use for themselves, it will work now.
It goes almost without saying that Leaderless Resistance leads to very small or even one man cells of resistance. Those who join organizations to play "let's pretend" or who are "groupies" will quickly be weeded out. While for those who are serious about their opposition to federal despotism, this is exactly what is desired.
Conversely, the last thing Governments would have, if they had any choice in the matter, is a thousand different small phantom cells opposing them. It is easy to see why. Such a situation is an intelligence nightmare for a government intent upon knowing everything they possibly can about those who oppose them. The Government able to amass overwhelming strength of numbers, manpower, resources, intelligence gathering, and capability at any given time, need only a focal point to direct their anger. A single penetration of a pyramid type of organization can lead to the destruction of the whole. Whereas, Leaderless Resistance presents no single opportunity for the Federals to destroy a significant portion of the Resistance.
It is clear, therefore, that it is time to rethink traditional strategy and tactics when it comes to opposing a modern police state. America is quickly moving into a long dark night of police state tyranny, where the rights now accepted by most as being inalienable will disappear. Let the coming night be filled with a thousand points of resistance. Like the fog which forms when conditions are right and disappears when they are not, so must the resistance to tyranny be.
This is the doctrine adopted by the Dalit Sena, and this is why there are several Dalit Senas - Tamil Nadu Dalit Sena, Dalit Sena Womens' Wing. In fact, new cells and local units of the Dalit Sena are being constantly set up, from village to village across the Indian Union. No central command is needed in order to establish a local Dalit Sena, no special order or permission is required from any person or entity. Whenever a groups of Dalits in any part of the world sees fit, it can establish a local Dalit Sena. No politics is played to determine who becomes leader of the regional units of Dalit Senas - this is left to the members themselves. It is in this doctrine of `leaderless resistance', adopted by Shri Ram Vilas Paswan, which, with hindisight, has proven to be truly brilliant.
This is why there is a Dalit Parivar of several independant organisations. Indeed, this method of organisation is also that of the Sangh Parivar, which is designed to elude elimination by a secular state.